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CHAPTER XXIII
THE   CHURCH  -OF  S.   SAVIOUR   IN   THE   CHORA, KAHRli  JAMISSI
ACCORDING to the historian Nicephorus Gregoras,1 who was long and closely connected with the church, the Chora was founded by Justinian the Great, and then presented the form of a basilica. But there is reason to believe that the edifice erected by that emperor was the reconstruction of an older shrine. The fame of a restorer often eclipsed the memory of the founder of a sanctuary, especially when the restorer was the superior in rank and reared a larger and more beautiful building.
According to Symeon Metaphrastes,2 the site of the Chora was first consecrated by the interment of S. Babylas and his eighty-four disciples, who were martyred in 298 during the reign of Maximianus. The scene of their execution, indeed, was Nicomedia ; but friendly hands obtained possession of the bodies of the champions of the faith, and taking them to Constantinople, buried them outside the walls of the city, towards the north, in the place subsequently occupied by the monastery of the Chora. As will appear, the relics of S. Babylas and his disciples formed part of the treasures of the Chora in the ninth century,8
* Vol. i. p. 4.59,
2 Synax., Sept. 4., Trio-roi W rw$ e^cr^ets vvicrbs <-X0<Ws /cat rd \et\f/a,va $v d:arf^ els r6 Bt$m<w St&KQftlfrvcn ml & T<$ popettp fdpei l<j retxfw &v rptcrl
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3 Proceedings of the Greek Syllogos ofC.P. vol. xxiv., 189 6, Supplement, p. 33,
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